Effects of new dock-less bicycle-sharing programs on cycling: a retrospective study in Shanghai

Jia, Yingnan, Ding, Ding, Gebel, Klaus, Chen, Lili, Zhang, Sen, Ma, Zhicong, and Fu, Hua (2019) Effects of new dock-less bicycle-sharing programs on cycling: a retrospective study in Shanghai. BMJ Open, 9 (2). e024280.

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Abstract

Objectives To examine (1) the effect of new dock-less bicycle-sharing programmes on change in travel mode and (2) the correlates of change in travel mode.

Design A retrospective natural experimental study.

Setting 12 neighbourhoods in Shanghai.

Participants 1265 respondents were recruited for a retrospective study in May 2017.

Main outcome measures Prevalence of cycling before and after launch of dock-less bicycle-sharing programme.

Results The proportion of participants cycling for transport increased from 33.3% prior to the launch of the bicycle-sharing programmes to 48.3% 1 year after the launch (p<0.001). Being in the age group of 30-49 years (OR 2.28; 95% CI 1.30 to 4.00), living within the inner ring of the city (OR 2.27; 95% CI 1.22 to 4.26), having dedicated bicycle lanes (OR 1.37, 95% CI 1.12 to 1.68) and perceiving riding shared bicycles as fashionable (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.21 to 1.76) were positively associated with adopting cycling for transport. Access to a public transportation stop/station (OR 0.82, 95% CI 0.67 to 0.99) was inversely correlated with adopting cycling for transport.

Conclusions Dock-less bicycle sharing may promote bicycle use in a metropolitan setting. Findings from this study also highlight the importance of cycling-friendly built environments and cultural norms as facilitators of adopting cycling.

Item ID: 60069
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2044-6055
Copyright Information: This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
Funders: Shanghai Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning (SMCHFP)
Projects and Grants: SMCHFP Grant No. 15GWZK1001, SMCHFP Grant No. 2013SY006
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2019 08:03
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified @ 60%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 40%
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