Factors associated with survival, laminitis and insulin dysregulation in horses diagnosed with equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction

Horn, R., Bamford, N.J., Afonso, T., Sutherland, M., Buckerfield, J., Tan, R.H.H., Secombe, C.J., Stewart, A.J., and Bertin, F.R. (2019) Factors associated with survival, laminitis and insulin dysregulation in horses diagnosed with equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction. Equine Veterinary Journal, 51 (4). pp. 440-445.

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Abstract

Background Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is a commonly described endocrine disorder in higher latitudes of the Northern hemisphere but the description of the disease at lower latitudes and in the Southern hemisphere is limited.

Objectives Document the clinical features of PPID at different Australian latitudes and climates, and investigate factors associated with survival, laminitis and insulin dysregulation (ID).

Study design Retrospective study of 274 equids from eight institutions across Australia.

Methods A diagnosis of PPID was based on endogenous ACTH, overnight dexamethasone suppression test, thyrotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test or necropsy. Clinical and clinicopathologic characteristics of PPID and therapeutic responses were investigated. Laminitis was diagnosed by radiographic or histologic changes and ID was diagnosed based on endogenous insulin, an oral glucose test or a 2-step insulin-response test.

Results Being a pony, having a higher body condition score and pergolide administration were associated with survival. The clinical presentation of PPID changed with latitude and climate, with anhidrosis and polyuria/polydipsia more commonly recognised at lower latitudes. Laminitis was diagnosed in 89.9% of cases and ID was present in 76.5% of cases in which they were investigated.

Main limitations Despite the sample size, the lack of uniform testing at all locations (primary or referral cases) and the incompleteness of data sets limited the power of the statistical analyses.

Conclusions PPID can present with variable signs at different latitudes and climates, and ID should be investigated in equids diagnosed with PPID. Adequate body condition and administration of pergolide are fundamental in PPID management.

Item ID: 60059
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2042-3306
Keywords: horse, epidemiology, equine metabolic syndrome, endocrinology, metabolic disease, anhidrosis
Copyright Information: ©2018 EVJ Ltd
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2019 07:49
FoR Codes: 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3009 Veterinary sciences > 300907 Veterinary medicine (excl. urology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 10 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 1099 Other animal production and animal primary products > 109902 Animal welfare @ 100%
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