Parental and early life stage environments drive establishment of bacterial and dinoflagellate communities in a common coral

Epstein, Hannah E., Torda, Gergely, Munday, Philip L., and van Oppen, Madeleine J.H. (2019) Parental and early life stage environments drive establishment of bacterial and dinoflagellate communities in a common coral. ISME Journal: multidisciplinary journal of microbial ecology, 13 (6). pp. 1635-1638.

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Abstract

The establishment of coral microbial communities in early developmental stages is fundamental to coral fitness, but its drivers are largely unknown, particularly for bacteria. Using an in situ reciprocal transplant experiment, we examined the influence of parental, planulation and early recruit environments on the microbiome of brooded offspring in the coral Pocillopora damicornis. 16S rRNA and ITS2 rDNA gene metabarcoding showed that bacterial and microalgal endosymbiont communities varied according to parental and planulation environments, but not with early recruit environment. Only a small number of bacterial strains were shared between offspring and their respective parents, revealing bacterial establishment as largely environmentally driven in very early life stages. Conversely, microalgal communities of recruits were highly similar to those of their respective parents, but also contained additional low abundance strains, suggesting both vertical transmission and novel ('horizontal') acquisition. Altogether, recruits harboured more variable microbiomes compared to their parents, indicating winnowing occurs as corals mature.

Item ID: 59965
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1751-7370
Copyright Information: © International Society for Microbial Ecology 2019
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2019 07:35
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060504 Microbial Ecology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960802 Coastal and Estuarine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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