High prevalence of rodent-borne Bartonella spp. in urbanizing environments in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo

Blasdell, Kim R., Perera, David, and Firth, Cadhla (2019) High prevalence of rodent-borne Bartonella spp. in urbanizing environments in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 100 (3). pp. 506-509.

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Abstract

Rodents are the most prominent animal host of Bartonella spp., which are associated with an increasing number of human diseases worldwide. Many rodent species thrive in urban environments and live in close contact with people, which can lead to an increased human risk of infection from rodent-borne pathogens. In this study, we explored the prevalence and distribution of Bartonella spp. in rodents in urban, developing, and rural environments surrounding a growing city in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. We found that although Bartonella spp. infection was pervasive in most rodent species sampled, prevalence was highest in urban areas and infection was most commonly detected in the predominant indigenous rodent species sampled (Sundamys muelleri). Within the urban environment, parks and remnant green patches were significantly associated with the presence of both S. muelleri and Bartonella spp., indicating higher localized risk of infection for people using these environments for farming, foraging, or recreation.

Item ID: 59897
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1476-1645
Copyright Information: © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Articles that are not open access are freely available after a 12-month embargo period. Until that time, readers who are not ASTMH members or institutional subscribers may purchase embargoed content for a nominal fee.
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2020 01:59
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060504 Microbial Ecology @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110309 Infectious Diseases @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 70%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified @ 30%
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