Zirconia in dental prosthetics: a literature review

Grech, Jonathan, and Antunes, Elsa (2019) Zirconia in dental prosthetics: a literature review. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 8 (5). pp. 4956-4964.

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A large portion of the global human population carries a type of medical implant. Dental implants are an important part of this category, and the crowns they support are vital for satisfying the patients' needs both functionally and aesthetically. Materials science pertaining to dental crowns is a driver of their development, and currently zirconium oxide (zirconia) is a promising non-metal alternative, exhibiting biocompatibility and excellent mechanical and aesthetic properties. This review aims to collate a selection of the extensive testing and research that has been performed and evaluated on a variety of zirconia-based ceramics, as there are many commercial brands developing blank and powdered samples for refinement into structurally sound dental prosthetics. Significant advancements regarding manufacturing technologies for zirconia-based ceramics are also currently in progress. Methodologies and conditions for uniaxial and isostatic pressing of zirconia powder are reviewed, as are the benefits of emerging CAD/CAM technologies. Several knowledge gaps were identified based on this review, primarily that different sintering conditions and methodologies, such as two-step sintering, should be investigated experimentally. Preliminary studies using alternative methods show promising results, and further trialling would help to ensure that the mechanical, aesthetic and ageing properties of the final product are enhanced and optimised.

Item ID: 59858
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2214-0697
Keywords: 3Y-TZP; Dental materials; Manufacturing technologies; Prosthetics; Sintering
Copyright Information: © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2019 00:28
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4003 Biomedical engineering > 400302 Biomaterials @ 25%
40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401601 Ceramics @ 50%
40 ENGINEERING > 4014 Manufacturing engineering > 401499 Manufacturing engineering not elsewhere classified @ 25%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8610 Ceramics, Glass and Industrial Mineral Products > 861002 Ceramics @ 100%
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