Kisar, a small island participant in an extensive maritime obsidian network in the Wallacean Archipelago

Reepmeyer, Christian, O'Connor, Sue, Mahirta, , Kealy, Shimona, and Maloney, Tim (2019) Kisar, a small island participant in an extensive maritime obsidian network in the Wallacean Archipelago. Archaeological Research in Asia, 19. 100139.

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Abstract

Here we report the results of a pXRF analysis of obsidian stone artefacts from Here Sorot Entapa rockshelter (HSE) on Kisar Island in the Wallacean Archipelago. With the exception of a single flake, all the obsidian artefacts in this site are from a single source. Kisar has a metamorphic geology with fringing uplifted limestone terraces which makes obsidian raw material exotic to the island. The Kisar obsidian is a chemical match to obsidian of an unknown source previously recovered from sites in Alor Island to the west, and which also appears in Timor Leste to the south. The obsidian results suggest that Kisar was receiving exotic obsidian from ~15,000 years ago, and was linked with Alor and Timor in a maritime interaction network from at least 13,000 years ago.

Item ID: 59817
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2352-2275
Keywords: obsidian; maritime transport; interaction Networks; risk buffering; Indonesian islands
Copyright Information: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Centre of Excellence for Australian Biodiversity and Heritage
Projects and Grants: Australian Laureate Fellowship
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2019 05:41
FoR Codes: 21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210103 Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas @ 80%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210102 Archaeological Science @ 20%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950502 Understanding Asias Past @ 100%
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