Reflections from an old Queenslander: can rear and release strategies be the next great era of vector control?

Ritchie, Scott, and Staunton, Kyran (2019) Reflections from an old Queenslander: can rear and release strategies be the next great era of vector control? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences, 286. 20190973.

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In this perspective, I discuss the great eras of vector control, centring on Aedes aegypti, the primary vector of dengue, Zika and several other viruses. Since the discovery and acceptance of the role of mosquitoes as vectors of disease agents, several significant strategies have been developed and deployed to control them and the diseases they transmit. Environmental management, insecticides and, to a lesser extent, biological control have emerged as great eras of vector control. In the past decade, the release of massive numbers of specifically modified mosquitoes that mate with wild populations has emerged as a significant new strategy to fight vector-borne diseases. These reared and released mosquitoes have been modified by the addition of a symbiont (e.g. Wolbachia bacteria), radiation or introduction of a genetic construct to either sterilize the wild mosquitoes they mate with, crashing the population, or to reduce the wild population’s capacity to vector pathogens. Will these new rear and release strategies become the next great era of vector control? From my vantage point as a dengue control manager and researcher involved in two Wolbachia programmes, I will discuss the hurdles that rear and release programmes face to gain widespread acceptance and success.

Item ID: 59779
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1471-2954
Keywords: Aedes aegypti, vector control, rear and release, Wolbachia, dengue, genetically modified mosquito
Copyright Information: © 2019 The Author(s). The article is available Open Access via the publisher's website.
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2019 01:09
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4202 Epidemiology > 420203 Environmental epidemiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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