Counting Oceanians of Non-European, Non-Asian Descent (ONENA) in the South Pacific to make them count in global health

Tarantola, Arnaud, Horwood, Paul F., Goarant, Cyrille, Buffière, Bertrand, Bertrand, Solène, Merilles, Onofre Edwin A., Pedron, Thierry, Klement-Frutos, Elise, Sansonetti, Philippe, Quintana-Murci, Lluis, and Richard, Vincent (2019) Counting Oceanians of Non-European, Non-Asian Descent (ONENA) in the South Pacific to make them count in global health. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, 4 (3). 114.

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Several diseases and vulnerabilities associated with genetic or microbial factors are more frequent among populations of Oceanian, Non-European, Non-Asian descent (ONENA). ONENA are specific and have long been isolated geographically. To our knowledge, there are no published official, quantitative, aggregated data on the populations impacted by these excess vulnerabilities in Oceania. We searched official census reports for updated estimates of the total population for each of the Pacific Island Countries and Territories (including Australia) and the US State of Hawaii, privileging local official statistical or censual sources. We multiplied the most recent total population estimate by the cumulative percentage of the ONENA population as determined in official reports. Including Australia and the US State of Hawaii, Oceania counts 27 countries and territories, populated in 2016 by approximately 41 M inhabitants (17 M not counting Australia) among which approximately 12.5 M (11.6 M not counting Australia) consider themselves of entire or partial ONENA ancestry. Specific genetic and microbiome traits of ONENA may be unique and need further investigation to adjust risk estimates, risk prevention, diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, to the benefit of populations in the Pacific and beyond.

Item ID: 59777
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2414-6366
Keywords: medical genetics; diabetes mellitus; type 2; non-communicable diseases; global health; ethnic groups; indigenous health; infectious diseases; nutritional and metabolic diseases; epidemiology; pacific islands
Copyright Information: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2019 01:54
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3202 Clinical sciences > 320211 Infectious diseases @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 100%
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