High-resolution characterization of the abiotic environment and disturbance regimes on the Great Barrier Reef, 1985–2017

Matthews, Samuel A., Mellin, Camille, MacNeil, Aaron, Heron, Scott F., Skirving, William, Puotinen, Marji, Devlin, Michelle J., and Pratchett, Morgan (2019) High-resolution characterization of the abiotic environment and disturbance regimes on the Great Barrier Reef, 1985–2017. Ecology, 100 (2). e02574.

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Abstract

This data compilation synthesizes 36 static environmental and spatial variables, and temporally explicit modeled estimates of three major disturbances to coral cover on the Great Barrier Reef (GBR): (1) coral bleaching, (2) tropical cyclones, and (3) outbreaks of the coral-eating crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster cf. solaris. Data are provided on a standardized grid (0.01° × 0.01° ~ 1 × 1 km) for reef locations along the GBR, containing 15,928 pixels and excluding the northernmost sections (<12° S) where empirical data were sparse. This compilation provides a consistent and high-resolution characterization of the abiotic environment and disturbance regimes for GBR reef locations at a fine spatial scale to be used in the development of complex ecosystem models. Static estimates of environmental variables (e.g., depth, bed shear stress, average temperature, temperature variation) originally developed by the Commonwealth of Australia's Environment Research Facility (CERF) Marine Biodiversity Hub were provided by Geoscience Australia. Annual (1985–2017) disturbance estimates were either interpolated from empirical data (A. cf. solaris), predicted from proxy indicators (e.g., degree heating weeks [DHW] as a proxy for bleaching severity), or explicitly modeled (e.g., wave height model for each cyclone). This data set synthesizes some of the most recent advances in remote sensing and modeling of environmental conditions on the GBR; yet it is not exhaustive and we highlight areas that should be expanded through future research. The characterization of abiotic and disturbance regimes presented here represent an essential tool for the development of complex regional scale models of the GBR; preventing redundancy between working groups and promoting collaboration, innovation, and consistency. When using the data set, we kindly request that you cite this article and/or the articles cited in the reference section, recognizing the work that went into compiling the data together and the original authors' willingness to make it publicly available.

Item ID: 59756
Item Type: Article (Short Note)
ISSN: 1939-9170
Keywords: bleaching; crown-of-thorns starfish; cyclones; disturbance; environmental data; Great Barrier Reef; spatial modeling
Copyright Information: © 2018 The Authors. Ecology © 2018 The Ecological Society of America
Research Data: https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2574#support-information-section, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1483014
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2019 02:50
FoR Codes: 02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0203 Classical Physics > 020399 Classical Physics not elsewhere classified @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050199 Ecological Applications not elsewhere classified @ 25%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 25%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 100%
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