Structure and dynamics of a rainforest frog (Litoria Genimaculata) population in northern Queensland

Richards, Stephen J., and Alford, Ross A. (2005) Structure and dynamics of a rainforest frog (Litoria Genimaculata) population in northern Queensland. Australian Journal of Zoology, 53 (4). pp. 229-236.

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Abstract

We studied a population of the rainforest frog Litoria genimaculata over a 7-year period at Birthday Creek, an upland rainforest stream in northern Queensland. Estimated population size on a 60-m transect fluctuated seasonally, decreasing to zero during most winters and reaching a maximum of over 130 during most warmer spring and summer months with an influx of young adult males. Summer population estimates were much smaller during 1990–93, coinciding with the disappearance of two sympatric species. However the L. genimaculata population subsequently recovered to pre-‘decline’ levels. Females were rarely captured along the stream so the operational sex ratio of adult frogs was strongly biased in favour of males (overall sex ratio 1 : 0.04). Sexual dimorphism in this species is extreme. The mean weight of gravid females (23.35 g) was nearly five times that of males (4.68 g) and the ratio of female SVL to male SVL was 1.65. Reproductive and fat-body condition changed seasonally, with males reaching peak reproductive condition in late spring and summer when population densities were greatest. Our data suggest that Litoria genimaculata uses Birthday Creek largely or exclusively as a reproductive habitat. The extent to which this species uses habitats away from stream environments remains to be determined.

Item ID: 5961
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1446-5698
Keywords: rainforest; tree frog
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2010 04:50
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0699 Other Biological Sciences > 069999 Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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