Counting quantum jumps: a summary and comparison of fixed-time and fluctuating-time statistics in electron transport

Rudge, Samuel L., and Kosov, Daniel S. (2019) Counting quantum jumps: a summary and comparison of fixed-time and fluctuating-time statistics in electron transport. Journal of Chemical Physics, 151. 034107.

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Abstract

In quantum transport through nanoscale devices, fluctuations arise from various sources: the discreteness of charge carriers, the statistical nonequilibrium that is required for device operation, and unavoidable quantum uncertainty. As experimental techniques have improved over the last decade, measurements of these fluctuations have become available. They have been accompanied by a plethora of theoretical literature using many different fluctuation statistics to describe the quantum transport. In this paper, we overview three prominent fluctuation statistics: full counting, waiting time, and first-passage time statistics. We discuss their weaknesses and strengths and explain connections between them in terms of renewal theory. In particular, we discuss how different information can be encoded in different statistics when the transport is nonrenewal and how this behavior manifests in the measured physical quantities of open quantum systems. All theoretical results are illustrated via a demonstrative transport scenario, a Markovian master equation for a molecular electronic junction with electron- phonon interactions. We demonstrate that to obtain nonrenewal behavior, and thus to have temporal correlations between successive electron tunneling events, there must be a strong coupling between tunneling electrons and out-of-equilibrium quantized molecular vibrations.

Item ID: 58943
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1089-7690
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A version of this publication was included as Chapter 3 and 5 of the following PhD thesis: Rudge, Samuel (2020) Fluctuation statistics and non-renewal behavior in nanoscale quantum transport. PhD thesis, James Cook University, which is available Open Access in ResearchOnline@JCU. Please see the Related URLs for access.

Funders: Australian Government Research Training Program
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2019 01:44
FoR Codes: 51 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 5108 Quantum physics > 510899 Quantum physics not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%
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