Importance of the lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) LSDV126 gene in differential diagnosis and epidemiology and its possible involvement in attenuation

Erster, Oran, Rubinstein, Marisol Guini, Menasherow, Sophia, Ivanova, Emilia, Venter, Estelle, Šekler, Milanko, Kolarevic, Mišo, and Stram, Yehuda (2019) Importance of the lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) LSDV126 gene in differential diagnosis and epidemiology and its possible involvement in attenuation. Archives of Virology. (In Press)

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Abstract

Examination of lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) isolates from different geographic regions and times revealed that assays developed in our laboratory for differentiating between virulent Israeli viruses and Neethling vaccine virus (NVV) are generally useful in most, if not all, endemic areas in which NVV-based vaccines are used. Recently it was revealed that the LSDV126 gene of field isolates contains a duplicated region of 27 bp (9 aa), while the vaccine viruses have only one copy. Phylogenetic analysis of a 532-bp segment carrying the LSDV126 gene and whole virus genome sequences revealed that LSDV isolates formed two groups: virulent and vaccine viruses. In this analysis, all of the capripox viruses that lack the ability to efficiently infect cattle were found to carry only one copy of the 27-bp fragment, suggesting that the LSDV126 gene plays an important role in the ability of capripox viruses to infect cattle. In silico analysis of potential antigenic sites in LSDV126 revealed that LSDV126 variants with only one copy of the repeat lack a potentially important antigenic epitope, supporting its possible significance in cattle infection. This study provides new information about the nature of the LSDV126 gene and its possible role in the life cycle of LSDV.

Item ID: 58916
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-8798
Copyright Information: © Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2019 02:57
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070712 Veterinary Virology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences @ 100%
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