The effect of a resistance training session on physiological and thermoregulatory measures of sub-maximal running performance in the heat in heat-acclimatised men

Doma, Kenji, Nicholls, Anthony, Daniel, Gahreman, Damas, Felipe, Libardi, Cleiton Augusto, and Sinclair, Wade (2019) The effect of a resistance training session on physiological and thermoregulatory measures of sub-maximal running performance in the heat in heat-acclimatised men. Sports Medicine - Open, 5. 21.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The current study examined the acute effects of a lower body resistance training (RT) session on physiological and thermoregulatory measures during a sub-maximal running protocol in the heat in heat-acclimatized men. Ten resistance-untrained men (age 27.4 ± 4.1 years; height 1.78 ± 0.06 m; body mass 76.8 ± 9.9 kg; peak oxygen uptake 48.2 ± 7.0 mL kg-1 min-1) undertook a high-intensity RT session at six-repetition maximum. Indirect muscle damage markers (i.e., creatine kinase [CK], delayed-onset muscle soreness [DOMS], and countermovement jump [CMJ]) were collected prior to, immediately post and 24 and 48 h after the RT session. The sub-maximal running protocol was performed at 70% of the ventilatory threshold, which was conducted prior to and 24 and 48 h following the RT session to obtain physiological and thermoregulatory measures.

RESULTS: The RT session exhibited significant increases in DOMS (p < 0.05; effect size [ES]: 1.41-10.53), whilst reduced CMJ (p < 0.05; ES: - 0.79-1.41) for 48 h post-exercise. There were no differences in CK (p > 0.05), although increased with moderate to large ES (0.71-1.12) for 48 h post-exercise. The physiological cost of running was increased for up to 48 h post-exercise (p < 0.05) with moderate to large ES (0.50-0.84), although no differences were shown in thermoregulatory measures (p > 0.05) with small ES (0.33).

CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that a RT session impairs sub-maximal running performance for several days post-exercise, although thermoregulatory measures are unperturbed despite elevated muscle damage indicators in heat-acclimatized, resistance untrained men. Accordingly, whilst a RT session may not increase susceptibility to heat-related injuries in heat-acclimatized men during sub-maximal running in the heat, endurance sessions should be undertaken with caution for at least 48 h post-exercise following the initial RT session in resistance untrained men.

Item ID: 58904
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2198-9761
Keywords: running economy; creatine kinase; strength training; core temperature; delayed-onset of muscle soreness
Copyright Information: © The Author(s). 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2019 22:42
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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