Occupational tuberculosis in healthcare workers in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

Alele, Faith O., Franklin, Richard C., Emeto, Theophilus I., and Leggat, Peter (2019) Occupational tuberculosis in healthcare workers in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health, 74 (3). pp. 95-108.

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Abstract

This article investigates the incidence, prevalence and factors associated with occupational tuberculosis (TB) in healthcare workers (HCWs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Studies were extracted from MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and SCOPUS databases following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement from inception to the 2nd of June 2017. Twenty-one studies met the inclusion criteria. The median prevalence of latent TB infection in HCWS was 62% (IQR 22%) and the median incidence of TB disease was 3871/100,000 (IQR 9314/100,000). The risk factors associated with LTBI or active TB disease were workplace, history of contact with TB patients, and longer duration of employment. The findings of this review demonstrate that the risk of acquiring TB among HCWs in SSA is high. This may impact on the recruitment, longevity and retention of HCWs.

Item ID: 58803
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2154-4700
Keywords: healthcare workers; latent tuberculosis infection; sub-Saharan Africa; tuberculosis
Copyright Information: © 2018 Taylor & Francis
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2019 22:44
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920599 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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