Symptoms of anxiety and depression in obese Singaporeans: a preliminary study

Ho, C.S.H., Lu, Y., Ndukwe, N., Chew, M.W.P., Shabbir, A., So, J.B.Y., and Ho, R.C.M. (2018) Symptoms of anxiety and depression in obese Singaporeans: a preliminary study. East Asian Archives of Psychiatry, 28 (1). pp. 3-8.

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Abstract

Background: Obesity is a major component of metabolic syndrome and an independent risk factor for various chronic diseases. It is also closely associated with mental illness, and the interaction is complex and multifactorial. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among obese Singaporeans.

Methods: Cross-sectional data of 36 male and 47 female obese Singaporeans who had been referred to the weight management clinic of National University Hospital, Singapore, between January 2010 and November 2011 were collected. Obesity was classified according to criteria of the World Health Organization. The extents of anxiety and depressive symptoms were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.

Results: In obese Singaporeans attending the weight management clinic, the prevalence of anxiety symptoms was higher than that of depressive symptoms (28% vs 11%). There was no major socioeconomic difference between obese patients with and without anxiety, or with and without depressive symptoms.

Conclusion: In obese Singaporeans, anxiety symptoms may be more common than depressive symptoms. Weight management programmes should incorporate anxiety management as part of standard treatment. Early detection and pharmacological and psychological interventions should be implemented.

Item ID: 58740
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2224-7041
Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Obesity, Prevalence
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2019 01:55
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 1
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