Hybridly connected structure for hybrid beamforming in mmWave massive MIMO systems

Zhang, Didi, Wang, Yafeng, Li, Xuehua, and Xiang, Wei (2018) Hybridly connected structure for hybrid beamforming in mmWave massive MIMO systems. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 66 (2). pp. 662-674.

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Abstract

In this paper, we propose a hybridly connected structure for hybrid beamforming in millimeter-wave (mmWave) massive MIMO systems, where the antenna arrays at the transmitter and receiver consist of multiple sub-Arrays, each of which connects to multiple radio frequency (RF) chains, and each RF chain connects to all the antennas corresponding to the sub-Array. In this structure, through successive interference cancelation, we decompose the precoding matrix optimization problem into multiple precoding sub-matrix optimization problems. Then, near-optimal hybrid digital and analog precoders are designed through factorizing the precoding sub-matrix for each sub-Array. Furthermore, we compare the performance of the proposed hybridly connected structure with the existing fully and partially connected structures in terms of spectral efficiency, the required number of phase shifters, and energy efficiency. Finally, simulation results are presented to demonstrate that the spectral efficiency of the hybridly connected structure is better than that of the partially connected structure and that its spectral efficiency can approach that of the fully connected structure with the increase in the number of RF chains. Moreover, the proposed algorithm for the hybridly connected structure is capable of achieving higher energy efficiency than existing algorithms for the fully and partially connected structures.

Item ID: 58603
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1558-0857
Keywords: energy efficiency, hybrid precoding, millimeter wave communications, MIMO, spectral efficiency
Funders: Ministry of Education (China), China Mobile Joint Scientific Research Fund (CMJSRF)
Projects and Grants: CMJSRF grant no. MCM20150101
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2019 04:54
FoR Codes: 10 TECHNOLOGY > 1005 Communications Technologies > 100510 Wireless Communications @ 100%
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