A comparative analysis of the risk profiles of Australian young offenders from rural and urban communities

Butcher, Luke, Day, Andrew, Miles, Debra, and Kidd, Garry (2019) A comparative analysis of the risk profiles of Australian young offenders from rural and urban communities. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. (In Press)

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X19853110
 
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Abstract

Australian young people from rural areas, particularly Aboriginal young people, are overrepresented in the juvenile justice system. Apart from broad evidence regarding the entrenched social disadvantages experienced by young people in rural communities, the literature is limited in describing why this might be case. Due to these social disadvantages, it is hypothesised that young offenders from rural communities will have higher levels of offending risk factors, as measured by the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory—Australian Adaption (YLS/CMI-AA). A total of 6,750 archival records were analysed, showing that significantly more Aboriginal young offenders live in rural areas. Contrary to the hypothesis, urban young offenders had significantly higher risk scores than rural young offenders. These findings suggest that there may be particular ecological factors that are not assessed in the current risk assessment instrument or that rural young people have a range of protective factors that may insulate against the broader context of social disadvantage.

Item ID: 58593
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1552-6933
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2019 03:00
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1602 Criminology > 160204 Criminological Theories @ 10%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1602 Criminology > 160201 Causes and Prevention of Crime @ 60%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1699 Other Studies in Human Society > 169902 Studies of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Society @ 30%
SEO Codes: 94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9401 Community Service (excl. Work) > 940102 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Development and Welfare @ 50%
94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9404 Justice and the Law > 940499 Justice and the Law not elsewhere classified @ 20%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society @ 30%
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