A comparative analysis of the risk profiles of Australian young offenders from rural and urban communities

Butcher, Luke, Day, Andrew, Miles, Debra, and Kidd, Garry (2019) A comparative analysis of the risk profiles of Australian young offenders from rural and urban communities. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 63 (4). pp. 2483-2500.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X19853110


Australian young people from rural areas, particularly Aboriginal young people, are overrepresented in the juvenile justice system. Apart from broad evidence regarding the entrenched social disadvantages experienced by young people in rural communities, the literature is limited in describing why this might be case. Due to these social disadvantages, it is hypothesised that young offenders from rural communities will have higher levels of offending risk factors, as measured by the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory—Australian Adaption (YLS/CMI-AA). A total of 6,750 archival records were analysed, showing that significantly more Aboriginal young offenders live in rural areas. Contrary to the hypothesis, urban young offenders had significantly higher risk scores than rural young offenders. These findings suggest that there may be particular ecological factors that are not assessed in the current risk assessment instrument or that rural young people have a range of protective factors that may insulate against the broader context of social disadvantage.

Item ID: 58593
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1552-6933
Keywords: rural, urban, young offender, risk/need, Youth Level of Service Inventory
Related URLs:
Copyright Information: Copyright © The Author(s) 2019
Additional Information:

A version of this publication was included as Chapter 4 of the following PhD thesis: Butcher, Luke (2020) Over the sandstone curtain: supporting rural Aboriginal young people in the youth justice system. PhD thesis, James Cook University, which is available Open Access in ResearchOnline@JCU. Please see the Related URLs for access.

Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2019 03:00
FoR Codes: 44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4402 Criminology > 440202 Correctional theory, offender treatment and rehabilitation @ 70%
45 INDIGENOUS STUDIES > 4505 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, society and community > 450523 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social work and social justice @ 30%
SEO Codes: 94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9401 Community Service (excl. Work) > 940102 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Development and Welfare @ 50%
94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9404 Justice and the Law > 940499 Justice and the Law not elsewhere classified @ 20%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society @ 30%
Downloads: Total: 3
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page