Endotracheal intubation for Traumatic Cardiac Arrest by an Australian air medical service

Glasheen, John, Hooper, Jeff, Donohue, Andrew, Murray-Smith, Bronwyn, and Finn, Emmeline (2018) Endotracheal intubation for Traumatic Cardiac Arrest by an Australian air medical service. Air Medical Journal, 37 (6). pp. 371-373.

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Abstract

Traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) has been associated with poor outcome, but there are survivors with good neurological outcome. Treatment of hypoxia plays a key part in resuscitation algorithms, but little evidence exists on the ideal method of airway management in TCA. Methods: LifeFlight Retrieval Medicine is an aeromedical retrieval service based in Queensland, Australia. Data regarding all intubations performed over a 28-month period were accessed from an electronic airway registry. Results: 13/22 TCA patients were male, age range 2-81 years. 7/22 (31.8%) survived to hospital admission. During the same period 271 patients were intubated due to trauma, but were not in cardiac arrest (N-TCA). There was no difference in the likelihood of difficult laryngoscopy in the TCA group (16/22 (72.7%) compared to N-TCA (215/271 (79.3%); p = 0.46). The first attempt success rate was similar in TCA group (19/22 (86.4%)) and N-TCA (241/271 (88.9%) p = 0.71.). TCA patients were more likely to be intubated while lying on the ground than the N-TCA group (11/22 (50%) versus 17/271 (6.3%) p = <0.001). Conclusion: Resuscitation for predominantly blunt TCA is not futile. The endotracheal intubation first attempt success rate for TCA is comparable to that of N-TCA trauma patients.

Item ID: 58588
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1532-6497
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2019 02:04
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3201 Cardiovascular medicine and haematology > 320101 Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases) @ 100%
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