A feasibility test for detection of atypical cane samples using near infrared spectroscopy

Sexton, J., Everingham, Y., Donald, D., Staunton, S., and White, R. (2018) A feasibility test for detection of atypical cane samples using near infrared spectroscopy. In: Proceedings of the 40th Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists. pp. 382-390. From: ASSCT 2018: 40th Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, 17-20 April 2018, Mackay, QLD, Australia.

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MILL RESEARCHERS HAVE noted that in any given season, 1–5% of samples often have unusually low laboratory estimates of Pol in juice (Pij) given the recorded Brix in juice (Bij) value. These 'atypical' samples are of particular concern as they may represent deteriorated or contaminated cane samples. Deteriorated or contaminated cane has a number of negative impacts on the cane milling process. Deterioration in particular can lead to higher viscosity, longer crystallisation times and overall lower cane purity. Many indicators for cane deterioration have been proposed but most are considered expensive, time consuming or unreliable, making them impractical for use during the milling process. Near Infra Red Spectroscopic (NIRS), analysis has been implemented in many Australian sugarcane mills to replace or supplement laboratory analysis of cane quality. However, there is little evidence in the literature that NIRS has been used to classify atypical samples. The purpose of this research was to test the feasibility of predicting possible atypical cane samples using NIRS analysis. Data were collected from a single Australian sugarcane mill from 2006 to 2009. In total, 13 014 samples were collected with Bij, Pij, apparent purity (AP) and NIR spectroscopic data. Atypical samples were defined based on laboratory Bij and Pij values as cane deterioration/contamination data are not routinely measured. A partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) was then used to build an NIRS model to identify the defined atypical cane samples. On a test set, the PLS-DA analysis had a correct classification rate of 91.6% of all samples with 86.6% of atypical samples correctly classified and 91.8% of 'typical' samples correctly classified. These preliminary results suggest that it is feasible to predict 'atypical' samples using NIRS. The ability to identify atypical samples in a rapid and non-invasive manner can be useful in quality control measures within the mill and could lead to improved NIRS models specific to these particular samples.

Item ID: 58488
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
Keywords: Atypical, Cane Quality, Deterioration, Discriminant Analysis, NIRS
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A version of this publication was included as Chapter 5 of the following PhD thesis: Sexton, Justin David (2020) Statistical data mining algorithms for optimising analysis of spectroscopic data from on-line NIR mill systems. PhD thesis, James Cook University, which is available Open Access in ResearchOnline@JCU. Please see the Related URLs for access.

Funders: Sugar Research Australia (SRA), James Cook University
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2019 04:40
FoR Codes: 49 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES > 4905 Statistics > 490501 Applied statistics @ 30%
30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3002 Agriculture, land and farm management > 300299 Agriculture, land and farm management not elsewhere classified @ 70%
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