Simple solutions for square and rectangular cofferdam seepage problems

Madanayaka, Thushara Asela, and Sivakugan, Nagaratnam (2019) Simple solutions for square and rectangular cofferdam seepage problems. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 56 (5). pp. 730-745.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2018-0295
 
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Abstract

Cofferdams are widely used temporary structures at construction sites. Two of the main parameters required in designing a cofferdam are the flow rate and exit hydraulic gradient at the bottom of the excavation. Commonly, these two parameters are evaluated by using two-dimensional (2D) ground water flow models. However, when the flow pattern is three-dimensional (3D), such as flow into the square or rectangular cofferdams, predictions by the 2D models underestimate the flow rate and exit gradients considerably. Therefore, it is necessary to incorporate the 3D flow effect through a correction factor. It is shown that treating a square cofferdam as a circular one of the same width or treating a rectangular cofferdam as a 2D double-walled cofferdam significantly underestimates the flow rate. In this study, simple expressions are developed and validated for accurately estimating the flow rate and exit hydraulic gradient values of square and rectangular cofferdams, based on hundreds of finite element simulations in both 2D and 3D. It is suggested that the expressions given in the Canadian foundation engineering manual be improved.

Item ID: 58200
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1208-6010
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2019 02:28
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090501 Civil Geotechnical Engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 87 CONSTRUCTION > 8702 Construction Design > 870201 Civil Construction Design @ 100%
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