Prediction of depression scores from aerobic fitness, body fatness, physical activity, and vagal indices in non-exercising, female workers

Tonello, Laís, Oliveira-Silva, Iransé, Medeiros, André Ricarte, Alves Donato, Arthur Ney, Schuch, Felipe Barreto, Donath, Lars, and Boullosa, Daniel (2019) Prediction of depression scores from aerobic fitness, body fatness, physical activity, and vagal indices in non-exercising, female workers. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10. 192.

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Abstract

Background: Depression is associated with a decreased cardiorespiratory fitness, and physical activity [PA] levels, higher rates of obesity, and dysfunction in autonomic control of heart rate [HR]. However, these parameters were mostly recorded with indirect methods. Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate the relationships between depression scores and objective measures of body fatness, autonomic indices (i.e. HRV and HRR), cardiorespiratory fitness and PA levels; and subsequently to present the best predictive models of depression scores for this population, based on these variables.

Methods: Thirty-five non-exercising women (26-43 years; maximal oxygen consumption [VO(2)max] similar to 17.4-38.3 mL/kg/min) volunteered for participation in this study. All participants responded to the Beck Depression Inventory [DBI] and were evaluated for body mass index [BMI], percentage of body fat, sum of skinfolds, and VO(2)max. Subsequently, over four consecutive days, an orthostatic test and a submaximal exercise on a cycle ergometer were performed to record HRV and HRR, respectively. In addition, incidental PA was recorded during 5 consecutive days using accelerometers.

Results: depression scores were related to VO(2)max (r = -0.446, p = 0.007) and the sum of skinfolds (r = 0.434, p = 0.009). Several stepwise multiple linear regression models were performed and only VO(2)max was revealed as an independent predictor of the Beck scores (beta = -0.446, R-2 = 0.199, p = 0.007).

Conclusion: The present study revealed that VO(2)max and the sum of skinfolds were moderately related to depression scores, while VO(2)max was the only independent predictor of depression scores in female workers.

Item ID: 58198
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1664-0640
Keywords: depression, physical activity, autonomic control of HR, body composition, physical fitness, women
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2019 Tonello, Oliveira-Silva, Medeiros, Donato, Schuch, Donath and Boullosa. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Funders: Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, Brazil (CAPES), National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, Brazil (CNPQ))
Projects and Grants: CAPES PROSUP scholarship grant, CNPQ (305131/2015-0)
Date Deposited: 01 May 2019 07:40
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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