Effect of equine chorionic gonadotropin on reproductive performance in a dairy herd in Northern Queensland, Australia

Rowe, S. M., Pryor, L, Tranter, W. P., Hosie, J., and Cavalieri, J. (2019) Effect of equine chorionic gonadotropin on reproductive performance in a dairy herd in Northern Queensland, Australia. Theriogenology, 125. pp. 30-36.

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Abstract

This study evaluated the effect of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) on reproductive performance, when incorporated into the first Ovsynch + P4 synchronization following planned start mating (PSM) in pasture-based lactating dairy cows. Two synchrony programs were compared in a randomized controlled trial in Queensland, Australia. Lactating cows from a single dairy herd (n = 782) were randomly allocated to Control and eCG groups. Control cows had their estrous cycles synchronized by treatment with 100 μg gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH; im) and insertion of a progesterone (P4) releasing intravaginal device that contained 1.0 g of P4 on Day 0; removal of P4 device and administration of 500 μg of an analogue of PGF2α on Day 7 (cloprostenol; im); 100 μg im of GnRH on Day 9, and fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) on Day 10. The eCG group were treated the same as the Control group except for the addition of 400 IU of eCG, im on Day 7 of the first synchronized estrous cycle. Following the first insemination, non-pregnant cows from both groups had their estrous cycles synchronized with the same treatment protocol without using eCG. The effects of eCG on 42d cumulative incidence of pregnancy and pregnancy per AI (P/AI) were determined using logistic regression models. The effect of eCG on time to pregnancy was determined using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazards models. Adjusted 42 d cumulative incidence of pregnancy for eCG and control groups were 47.2 and 39.3% respectively (Odds ratio [OR] = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.01–1.88). Hazard of pregnancy tended to be higher in eCG cows overall (Hazard ratio [HR] = 1.18, 95% CI: 0.99–1.41) and was significantly higher when restricting to the first 42 days after PSM (HR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.04–1.64). Hazards of pregnancy were not different between groups when restricting to > Day 42 post PSM (HR = 1.00, 95% CI: 0.77–1.31). P/AI tended to be higher in eCG treated cows at the first AI (44.0 vs 37.7%, OR = 1.30, 95% CI: 0.94–1.78). P/AI for second and third AIs were not significantly different between groups. In this herd, a single treatment of eCG at the first synchronized estrus after PSM improved reproductive performance in the short term, but not at subsequent inseminations.

Item ID: 58178
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-3231
Keywords: Dairy cattle; eCG; synchrony; reproduction; P/AI
Copyright Information: Crown Copyright © 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Funders: Boehringer Ingelheim
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2019 01:38
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070799 Veterinary Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830302 Dairy Cattle @ 100%
83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830301 Beef Cattle @ 0%
83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830301 Beef Cattle @ 0%
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