Bioresorbable screws reinforced with phosphate glass fibre: manufacturing and mechanical property characterisation

Felfel, R.M., Ahmed, I., Parsons, A.J., and Rudd, C.D. (2013) Bioresorbable screws reinforced with phosphate glass fibre: manufacturing and mechanical property characterisation. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 17. pp. 76-88.

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Abstract

Use of bioresorbable screws could eliminate disadvantages associated with metals such as removal operations, corrosion, MRI interference and stress shielding. Mechanical properties of bioresorbable polymers alone are insufficient for load bearing applications application as screws. Thus, reinforcement is necessary to try and match or surpass the mechanical properties of cortical bone. Phosphate based glass fibres were used to reinforce polylactic acid (PLA) in order to produce unidirectionally aligned (UD) and unidirectionally plus randomly distributed (UD/RM) composite screws (P40 UD and P40 UD/RM). The maximum flexural and push-out properties for the composite screws (P40 UD and P40 UD/RM) increased by almost 100% in comparison with the PLA screws. While the pull-out strength and stiffness of the headless composite screws were similar to 80% (strength) and similar to 130% (stiffness) higher than for PLA, those with heads exhibited properties lower than those for PLA alone as a result of failure at the heads. An increase in the maximum shear load and stiffness for the composite screws (similar to 30% and similar to 40%) in comparison to the PLA screws was also seen. Maximum torque for the PLA screws was similar to 1000 mN m, while that for the composite screws were slightly lower. The SEM micrographs for P40 UD and P40 UD/RM screws revealed small gaps around the fibres, which were suggested to be due to buckling of the UD fibres during the manufacturing process.

Item ID: 57991
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1751-6161
Keywords: bioresorbable, poly lactic acid, phosphate based glass fibre, composite, forging, bone screw
Copyright Information: © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: Egyptian Government, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2019 09:23
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8608 Human Pharmaceutical Products > 860899 Human Pharmaceutical Products not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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