A comparative review of multiculturalism in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States and South Africa

Metz, Isabel, Ng, Eddy S., Cornelius, Nelarine, Hoobler, Jenny M., and Nkomo, Stella (2016) A comparative review of multiculturalism in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States and South Africa. In: Klarsfeld, Alain, Ng, Eddy S., Booysen, Lize A.E., Christiansen, Liza Castro, and Kuvaas, Bård, (eds.) Research Handbook of International and Comparative Perspectives on Diversity Management. Research Handbooks in Business and Management . Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 131-170.

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Abstract

This chapter assesses the adoption and implementation of multiculturalism across Australia, Canada, the UK, the US and South Africa (the “Anglo bloc”), all of which receive a large number of immigrants. Australia and Canada espouse an official multiculturalism policy, and encourage their citizens and immigrants to adopt each other’s culture. The US does not have an official multiculturalism policy and follows an assimilation approach (“melting pot”) to immigration acculturation, but implements affirmative action to support racial minorities in education and employment. The UK and South Africa also do not have an official multiculturalism policy. They fall somewhere between Australia/Canada and the US on the immigrant acculturation continuum. The UK is heavily influenced by EU directives, and has strong anti-discrimination laws to compensate for a lack of multiculturalism policy. South Africa is a special case, where blacks are indigenous rather than immigrants. It has strong affirmative action policies, but they do not apply to those who attain citizenship after 1984. The emphasis is on the economic empowerment of previously disadvantaged groups. The chapter also updates the 2010 Multiculturalism Policy Index (MPI) with data from South Africa.

Item ID: 57954
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-7847-1-968-5
Copyright Information: Copyright © Alain Klarsfeld, Eddy S. Ng, Lize A.E. Booysen, Liza Castro Christiansen and Bård Kuvaas 2016
Date Deposited: 09 May 2019 21:53
FoR Codes: 20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2002 Cultural Studies > 200209 Multicultural, Intercultural and Cross-cultural Studies @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9599 Other Cultural Understanding > 959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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