Response of pre-crystallized CAD/CAM zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate glass ceramic to cyclic nanoindentation

Springall, Gabriella A.C., and Yin, Ling (2019) Response of pre-crystallized CAD/CAM zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate glass ceramic to cyclic nanoindentation. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 92. pp. 58-70.

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This paper reports on a cyclic nanoindentation approach of a pre-crystallized zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate glass ceramic (ZLS) to understand its material behavior associated with its machinability in dental CAD/CAM diamond abrasive milling. The material response to the cyclic nanoindentation using a Berkovich diamond tip was quantitatively determined in terms of the indentation contact hardness, elastic modulus, elasticity and plasticity for each loading cycle at peak loads of 2.5-10 mN. The cyclic load-displacement curves at different load levels indicate discrete discontinuities and hysteresis loops, which might have arisen from viscoelasticity behavior. Material properties degraded with an increasing number of loading cycles due to the mechanical softening which may facilitate machining in dental CAD/CAM milling. Elastic and plastic displacements and indentation energies revealed the pre-crystallized ZLS experiences predominantly elastic deformation and thus has a high capacity to retain its structure and shape. Furthermore, elastic energy dominated cyclic loading led to pseudoelasticity due to plastic strain accumulation. In situ scanning probe microscopy (SPM) images of cyclic indentation imprints reveal the fracture-free plastic deformation of the pre-crystallized ZLS under cyclic nanoindentation conditions. The outcomes of this study provide the mechanics model of diamond milling of the pre-crystallized ZLS due to the cyclic loading nature of dental CAD/CAM abrasive processing.

Item ID: 57833
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1878-0180
Keywords: abrasive machinability, cycic nanoindentation, in-situ scanning probe microscopy, zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate glass ceramic (ZLS)
Copyright Information: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: James Cook University
Projects and Grants: Collaboration Grants Scheme
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2019 07:44
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4016 Materials engineering > 401601 Ceramics @ 100%
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