Reduction of hospitalizations with diarrhea among children aged 0-5 years in Nouakchott, Mauritania, following the introduction of rotavirus vaccine

Cheikh-brahim Ahmed, Mohamed-Lemine, Heukelbach, Jorg, Weddih, Abdellahi, Filali-Maltouf, Abdelkarim, Sidatt, Mariem, Makhalla, Khattry, Dahdi, Sid'Ahmed, Ahmed, Aly Cheybany Cheikh, El-Mami, Mohamed Val, Tate, Jacqueline E., Parashar, Umesh D., and Benhafid, Mohammed (2019) Reduction of hospitalizations with diarrhea among children aged 0-5 years in Nouakchott, Mauritania, following the introduction of rotavirus vaccine. Vaccine, 37 (11). pp. 1407-1411.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.0...


Abstract

Introduction: Rotavirus vaccine was introduced in Mauritania in December 2014. We investigated hospitalizations with diarrhea during pre and post-vaccination periods among children aged 0-5 years in Nouakchott, the capital of Mauritania.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of hospital admission registries from November 1st 2012 through October 31th 2017 at all referral hospitals in Nouakchott. We described admissions of children aged 0-5 years by diagnosis, data of admission, age and sex, and compared the proportion of all childhood hospitalizations with diarrhea before and after rotavirus vaccine introduction.

Results: In total, 6552 (19%) of all 34,329 hospitalizations in 0-5 year-olds had diarrhea. Of these, 3523/16,952 (20.7%) were recorded during the pre-vaccine period, 1373/6897 (19.9%) during the transition period (November 2014-October 2015), and 1656/10,480 (15.8%) during the post-vaccination period. The proportion of all childhood hospitalizations with diarrhea during the pre-vaccine period was 22.6% among males and 18.7% among females. Approximately one third (32.3%) of hospitalizations with diarrhea occurred in children aged 6-11 months. During the post-vaccination period, the proportion of hospitalizations with diarrhea declined by 24%, and the highest reduction (74%) was observed in children aged 2 to 5 years (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: The proportion of childhood hospitalizations with diarrhea in Nouakchott was reduced by about one fourth after introduction of rotavirus vaccination in Mauritania, indicating a major impact for public health for children in the capital city. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item ID: 57824
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-2518
Keywords: Diarrhea, Rotavirus, Vaccine, Nouakchott, Mauritania
Copyright Information: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2019 07:36
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110309 Infectious Diseases @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1108 Medical Microbiology > 110804 Medical Virology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920412 Preventive Medicine @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health @ 50%
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page