Long-distance benefits of marine reserves: myth or reality?

Manel, Stéphanie, Loiseau, Nicolas, Andrello, Marco, Fietz, Katharina, Goñi, Raquel, Forcada, Aitor, Lenfant, Philippe, Kininmonth, Stuart, Marcos, Concepcion, Marques, Virginie, Mallol, Sandra, Pérez-Ruzafa, Angel, Breusing, Corinna, Puebla, Oscar, and Mouillot, David (2019) Long-distance benefits of marine reserves: myth or reality? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 34 (4). pp. 342-354.

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Long-distance (>40-km) dispersal from marine reserves is poorly documented; yet, it can provide essential benefits such as seeding fished areas or connecting marine reserves into networks. From a meta-analysis, we suggest that the spatial scale of marine connectivity is underestimated due to the limited geographic extent of sampling designs. We also found that the largest marine reserves (>1000 km(2)) are the most isolated. These findings have important implications for the assessment of evolutionary, ecological, and socio-economic long-distance benefits of marine reserves. We conclude that existing methods to infer dispersal should consider the up-to-date genomic advances and also expand the spatial scale of sampling designs. Incorporating long-distance connectivity in conservation planning will contribute to increase the benefits of marine reserve networks.

Item ID: 57811
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-8383
Keywords: connectivity, global network, long-distance dispersal, marine reserves, marine protected areas
Copyright Information: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: BiodivERsA COFUND, French National Research Agency (ANR), Swedish Research Council (FORMAS), German Aerospace Centre (DLR), State Research Agency, Spain (AEI), French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), German Research Foundation (GRF)
Projects and Grants: GRF Grant BR5488/1-1
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2019 07:40
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960701 Coastal and Marine Management Policy @ 100%
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