Performance and environmental sustainability orientations in the informal economy of a least developed country

Eijdenberg, Emiel L., Sabokwigina, Deo, and Masurel, Enno (2019) Performance and environmental sustainability orientations in the informal economy of a least developed country. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 25 (1). pp. 129-149.

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Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the extent to which performance and environmental sustainability orientations (ESOs) are developed, as well as their association, in a typical impoverished community: the informal economy of an African least developed country (LDC).

Design/methodology/approach - Based on a literature review and a pre-study on the spot, a questionnaire was developed before being completed by 140 informal food vendors – that is, "subsistence entrepreneurs" – in Tanzania. t-Tests, correlation analyses and regression analyses were carried out to approach the formulated hypotheses.

Findings - The results showed that a significant distinction can be made between basic and advanced performance. In addition, the respondents showed significantly higher levels of awareness of ESO practices that are intangible and are not fully within their control than the so-called personal tangible ESO practices. However, performance was minimally affected by ESOs.

Originality/value - While firm performance and environmental sustainability have been shortlisted on agendas outside academia (e.g. international development organisations) as a means to develop LDCs, the scientific community is lagging behind with regard to these two. This paper is one step forward in unravelling how performance and ESOs occur in LDCs.

Item ID: 57705
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1758-6534
Keywords: sustainability; developing countries; small firms; firm growth
Copyright Information: © Emerald Publishing Limited 2018
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2019 06:41
FoR Codes: 15 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 1503 Business and Management > 150304 Entrepreneurship @ 50%
15 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 1503 Business and Management > 150314 Small Business Management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970115 Expanding Knowledge in Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services @ 100%
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