A systematic review of large agriculture vehicles use and crash incidents on public roads

Franklin, Richard C., King, Jemma C., and Riggs, Matthew (2020) A systematic review of large agriculture vehicles use and crash incidents on public roads. Journal of Agromedicine, 25 (1). pp. 14-27.

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Background: Agricultural vehicles are a common sight on rural public roads, however due to their larger mass (height, width, length, and weight) there are concerns about safety. The aim of this paper is to explore crash incidents on public roads of agricultural vehicles to determine the size of problem, risk factors, and potential prevention strategies.

Methods: A systematic review using the PRISMA guidelines was undertaken of peer-reviewed literature from Medline, Agricola, Scopus, PsycInfo, Science Direct, Web of Science, and SafetyLit. Crash incident rates, risk factors, and prevention strategies were extracted from the articles, and a review of quality was undertaken using McMasters guidelines.

Results: Included in the review were 30 articles, with the majority from the United States. Crash risk rates, where reported, were low relative to agricultural vehicle use and when compared to overall road crash numbers. Crash risk factors included weather and visibility, age, personal and driving characteristics, road conditions, and event characteristics. Prevention strategies proposed were targeted at drivers and operators, vehicles, road design, driving behavior, and surveillance, policy and technology.

Conclusions: Overall, reported crash numbers involving large agricultural vehicles were low. Currently there is limited capacity to calculate exposure rates compounded by the difficulties in identifying road incidents that involve agriculture vehicles. Better surveillance systems are required to improve our understanding of exposure and crash incident rates. Future research into the multiplicity of interrelated factors involved in agriculture vehicle crashes on roads, exposure rates, and evidence for the effectiveness of the prevention strategies is required.

Item ID: 57559
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1545-0813
Keywords: agricultural equipment; farm vehicles; roadway crashes; public roads; accident prevention
Copyright Information: © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Funders: Australian National Farmers' Federation
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2019 22:17
FoR Codes: 35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3505 Human resources and industrial relations > 350505 Occupational and workplace health and safety @ 60%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4203 Health services and systems > 420310 Health surveillance @ 40%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920407 Health Protection and/or Disaster Response @ 30%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920409 Injury Control @ 70%
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