Socioeconomic differences among resident, users and neighbour populations of a protected area in the Brazilian dry forest

Specht, Maria Joana, Santos, Braulio Almeida, Marshall, Nadine, Lopes Melo, Felipe Pimentel, Leal, Inara R., Tabarelli, Marcelo, and Baldauf, Cristina (2019) Socioeconomic differences among resident, users and neighbour populations of a protected area in the Brazilian dry forest. Journal of Environmental Management, 232. pp. 607-614.

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Abstract

Protected areas are an important strategy to safeguard biodiversity. However, if social development is not considered, biological conservation targets may not be achieved. In this empirical study, we assess the relationship between poverty and conservation goals in dry forests within a 62,000-ha Brazilian National Park (Caatinga biome). We conducted 81 structured household interviews between January and July of 2016 to assess socioeconomic, resource management and land-use variables. We used non-parametric analysis of variance to test for differences in socioecological variables among families living inside and outside the Park and both (double dwelling). The majority of families (76%) residing inside the Park were living below the poverty line while less than 14% in outside and double dwelling residences faced the same issue. Families living inside the park had lower socioeconomic conditions such as limited water availability, poor house infrastructure, low income, and high dependence on firewood than outside and double dwelling families. They were also more dependent on external financial support and natural resources. We found that failures in protected areas inception and implementation have driven people towards a mutually reinforcing and declining situation in which negative socioeconomic outcomes are associated with nature degradation. Therefore, our results suggest that the future of dry forests, characterized worldwide by the presence of low-income populations, will be largely dependent on conservation strategies that address poverty alleviation and human well-being.

Item ID: 57552
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-8630
Keywords: Biodiversity conservation, Caatinga, Protected areas, Socioecological systems, Land management, Resilience
Copyright Information: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Funders: Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES), Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Pernambuco (FACEPE)
Projects and Grants: CNPq PELD 403770/2012-2, CNPq Universal 477290/2009-4, CNPq 470480/2013-0, CAPES PROBRALCAPES-DAAD process 99999.008131/2015-05, CAPES PVE process 88881.030482/2013-01, FACEPE process APQ0140–2.05/08, FACEPE process 0654–2.05/15, FACEPE process 0738–2.05/12, FACEPE process PRONEX 0138–2.05/14, CAPES process CSF-PVE's - 88887.115949/2016-00, CNPq process 140308/2015-6, CNPq process 310340/2016-0, CNPq process 304626/2015-5, CNPq process 305611/2014-3, CNPq process 310228/2016-6, CNPq process 308628/2016-0
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2019 07:46
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 35%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160802 Environmental Sociology @ 35%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960505 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Forest and Woodlands Environments @ 35%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960906 Forest and Woodlands Land Management @ 30%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960605 Institutional Arrangements for Environmental Protection @ 35%
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