The future of resilience-based management in coral reef ecosystems

Mcleod, Elizabeth, Anthony, Kenneth R. N., Mumby, Peter J., Maynard, Jeffrey, Beeden, Roger, Graham, Nicholas A. J., Heron, Scott F., Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove, Jupiter, Stacy, MacGowan, Petra, Mangubhai, Sangeeta, Marshall, Nadine, Marshall, Paul A., McClanahan, Tim R., Mcleod, Karen, Nyström, Magnus, Obura, David, Parker, Britt, Possingham, Hugh P., Salm, Rodney V., and Tamelander, Jerker (2019) The future of resilience-based management in coral reef ecosystems. Journal of Environmental Management, 233. pp. 291-301.

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Abstract

Resilience underpins the sustainability of both ecological and social systems. Extensive loss of reef corals following recent mass bleaching events have challenged the notion that support of system resilience is a viable reef management strategy. While resilience-based management (RBM) cannot prevent the damaging effects of major disturbances, such as mass bleaching events, it can support natural processes that promote resistance and recovery. Here, we review the potential of RBM to help sustain coral reefs in the 21st century. We explore the scope for supporting resilience through existing management approaches and emerging technologies and discuss their opportunities and limitations in a changing climate. We argue that for RBM to be effective in a changing world, reef management strategies need to involve both existing and new interventions that together reduce stress, support the fitness of populations and species, and help people and economies to adapt to a highly altered ecosystem.

Item ID: 57551
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-8630
Copyright Information: © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).
Funders: The Nature Conservancy (TNC), USA, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, DEU
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2019 07:46
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 100%
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