Graphene‐based transparent conducting electrodes for high efficiency flexible organic photovoltaics: elucidating the source of the power losses

Wang, Xiao, Zhang, Dingdong, Jin, Hui, Poliquit, Beta Zenia, Philippa, Bronson, Nagiri, Ravi Chandra Raju, Subbiah, Jegadesan, Jones, David J., Ren, Wencai, Du, Jinhong, Burn, Paul L., and Yu, Junsheng (2019) Graphene‐based transparent conducting electrodes for high efficiency flexible organic photovoltaics: elucidating the source of the power losses. Solar RRL, 3. 1900042.

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Solution processed flexible organic solar cells (OSCs) are of interest due to their potential use as environmentally friendly, shapeable, or wearable energy. Such flexible devices require compatible transparent conducting electrodes (TCEs). The use of three‐layer graphene as a useful TCE for flexible OSCs is reported. The conformal coating of the graphene‐based TCE with good retention of performance was achieved using a bulk heterojunction (BHJ) active layer comprised of the non‐polymeric molecular (5Z,5′Z)‐5,5′‐[(5‴,5‴‴′‐{4,8‐bis[5‐(2‐ethylhexyl)‐4‐n‐hexylthiophen‐2‐yl]benzo[1,2‐b:4,5‐b′]dithiophene‐2,6‐diyl}bis{3′,3″,3‴‐tri‐n‐hexyl‐[2,2′:5′,2″:5″,2‴‐quaterthiophene]‐5‴,5‐diyl})bis(methanylylidene)]bis[3‐n‐hexyl‐2‐thioxothiazolidin‐4‐one] (BQR) donor and [6,6]‐phenyl‐C71‐butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) as the acceptor. This material combination enables thick BHJ junctions to be used so that the roughness of the graphene surface did not lead to shorted devices. The best graphene/poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) devices (PET/graphene/molybdenum oxide/BHJ/calcium/aluminum) show a photoconversion efficiency (PCE) of 5.8%, which while excellent was lower than that of a similar device architecture that used ITO/glass as the anode. The power losses of the graphene/PET‐based cells mainly resulted from absorption losses caused by the optical profile distribution in the device and the relatively high sheet resistance of the anode, leading to an 18% decrease in the short‐circuit current and lower fill factor, respectively.

Item ID: 57526
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2367-198X
Keywords: graphene; flexible organic cell; power losses; transparent conducting electrode
Copyright Information: © 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Funders: National Science Foundation of China (NSFC), China Scholarship Council (CSC), Australian Research Council (ARC), Ministry of Science and Technology of China (MSTC), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)
Projects and Grants: NSCF Grant No. 61421002, NSFC Grant No. 61675041, NSFC Grant No. 51703019, CSC No. 201606070045, ARC Laureate Fellow FL160100067, NSCF Grant No. 51572265, NSCF Grant No. 51861135201, NSCF Grant No. 51521091, NSCF Grant No. 51325205, NSCF Grant No. 51290273, MSTC No. 2016YFA0200101, CAS Strategic Priority Research Program Grant No. XDB30000000
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2019 06:13
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4009 Electronics, sensors and digital hardware > 400910 Photovoltaic devices (solar cells) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 85 ENERGY > 8505 Renewable Energy > 850504 Solar-Photovoltaic Energy @ 100%
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