Medical and surgical management of gallbladder sludge and mucocoele development in a Miniature Schnauzer

Saunders, Harvey, Thornton, Laura A., and Burchell, Richard (2017) Medical and surgical management of gallbladder sludge and mucocoele development in a Miniature Schnauzer. International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine, 5 (1). pp. 75-80.

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The factors enhancing mucocoele development in dogs remain poorly understood. A 7-year-old female spayed Miniature Schnauzer was presented to the Massey University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for progressive lethargy, inappetance and abdominal discomfort. Initial physical examination findings revealed a moderate degree of cranial abdominal pain, with subsequent diagnostic tests confirming the patient as having diabetes mellitus, with a concurrent marked hypertriglyceridaemia. In an attempt to localise the source of pain, an ultrasound examination of the abdomen was performed, revealing a marked degree of gallbladder sludge. With appropriate medical management including ursodeoxycholic acid and insulin therapy, the patient stabilised and was discharged. With persistence of clinical signs three months later, progression of the gallbladder sludge towards mucocoele development was suspected. Exploratory laparotomy was instigated, and an emergency cholecystectomy was performed. This case report therefore entails a suspected gallbladder mucocoele that developed in a diabetic patient with previously diagnosed biliary sludge. A unique feature of this case report is the presence of diabetes mellitus, which has been suggested to be a causative factor in the development of gallbladder mucocoeles. It is also hypothesised that gallbladder sludge and mucocoeles are associated, however it is yet to be ascertained whether this association is causal or contributory. The authors examined the possible relationship between this endocrinopathy and biliary sludge, and their possible effects on mucocoele development. Specific associated factors to sludge formation are also examined. The medical and surgical management of gallbladder mucocoeles is discussed.

Item ID: 57476
Item Type: Article (Case Study)
ISSN: 2314-4599
Keywords: gallbladder mucocoele; biliary sludge; hypertriglyceridaemia; diabetes mellitus;
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2017 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2019 04:31
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070706 Veterinary Medicine @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8609 Veterinary Pharmaceutical Products > 860902 Veterinary Diagnostics @ 100%
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