Inter-regional hybrids of native and invasive Centaurea solstitialis display intermediate competitive ability

Montesinos, Daniel, and Callaway, Ragan M. (2017) Inter-regional hybrids of native and invasive Centaurea solstitialis display intermediate competitive ability. Ecography, 40 (7). pp. 801-802.

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Abstract

Invasive species can rapidly adapt to conditions in non‐native ranges, including changes in size and competitive ability. However, little is known about the heritability of such changes, and on the importance of hypothetical reintroductions in the maintenance of locally adapted traits. To test for this, we experimentally produced a cohort of Centaurea solstitialis of ancestry from either the native range in Spain, the invasive range in California, or inter‐regional hybrids from both ranges. We then set up one‐to‐one competition experiments with the grass Bromus hordeaceus. Centaurea solstitialis individuals grown from seed produced from two Californian parents had almost twice the competitive effect on B. hordeaceus than descendants of two Spanish parents, whereas inter‐regional hybrids between Spain and California showed intermediate values. These results suggest that, at this stage of invasion, homogenizing gene flow resulting from hypothetical re‐introductions from the native range could lower their competitive effects on the invaded plant communities.

Item ID: 57473
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1600-0587
Copyright Information: © 2016 The Authors. Ecography. © 2016 Nordic Society Oikos.
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2019 04:11
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060208 Terrestrial Ecology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales @ 100%
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