Replacing mercury: syntheses of lanthanoid pyrazolates from free lanthanoid metals, pentafluorophenylsilver, and pyrazoles, aided by a facile synthesis of polyfluoroarylsilver compounds

Guo, Zhifang, Luu, Jenny, Blair, Victoria, Deacon, Glen B., and Junk, Peter C. (2019) Replacing mercury: syntheses of lanthanoid pyrazolates from free lanthanoid metals, pentafluorophenylsilver, and pyrazoles, aided by a facile synthesis of polyfluoroarylsilver compounds. European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 2019 (7). pp. 1018-1029.

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Abstract

The polyfluorophenylsilver complexes [Ag-2(C6F4Br-4)(2)(py)(3)] (py = pyridine) (1) and [{Ag2R2(py)(2)}(n)] [R = C6F5 (2); C6F4Br-3 (3); C6F4H-4 (4)] were prepared in reasonable yields by reactions of silver(I) oxide with the appropriate polyfluorobenzenes in pyridine. This simple and convenient synthesis is selective and does not lead to debromination of C6HF4Br-(3 or 4). Complex 1 is dinuclear with AgR2 and Ag(py)(3) units linked by a bridging polyfluoroaryl group and Ag center dot center dot center dot Ag interactions, whereas 2-4 are polymeric with alternating AgR2 and Ag(py)(2) units similarly linked. The trivalent lanthanoid pyrazolates, [Ln(Ph(2)pz)(3)(py)(2)]center dot 2thf (Ph(2)pz = 3,5-diphenylpyrazolate; Ln = Yb, 5, Er, 6, Dy, 7, Lu, 8; thf = tetrahydrofuran), [Ho(Ph(2)pz)(3)(py)(thf)] (9), [Ln(Ph(2)pz)(3)(py)(dme)]center dot solv (Ln = Tb, solv = 1.75PhMe, 10, Gd, solv = 1.5dme, 11; dme = 1,2-dimethoxyethane; PhMe = toluene), [Ln(Ph(2)pz)(3)(thf)(3)] (Ln = La, 12, Ce, 13, Nd, 14), [Ln(tBu(2)pz)(3)(py)(2)] (tBu(2)pz = 3,5-di-tert-butylpyrazolate; Ln = Yb, 15, Tm, 16, Ho, 17, Dy, 18), [Yb(Phtpz)(3)(py)(2)]center dot PhMe (19) (Phtpz = 3-Phenyl-5-(2 '-thienyl)pyrazolate) and [Nd(ttfpz)(3)(dme)(2)] (20) (ttfpz = 3-(2 '-thienyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazolate) have been prepared by redox transmetallation/protolysis (RTP) reactions employing lanthanoid metals, pentafluorophenylsilver and the corresponding pyrazoles (pzH) in donor solvents. This is a new synthetic route in which AgC6F5 replaces the more commonly used Hg(C6F5)(2) or HgPh2. Yields are good to excellent if long crystallization times are used but the heavier Ln metals require activation with iodine to induce reaction. The monomeric structures exhibit eta(2)-bound pyrazolate ligands with eight-coordinate metal atoms for complexes 5-9 and 15-19, nine-coordinate metal atoms for complexes 10-14, and ten-coordinate metal atoms for complex 20.

Item ID: 57430
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1099-0682
Keywords: redox transmetallation, protolysis (RT/RTP) reactions, silver polyfluorophenyls, lanthanoid pyrazolates, crystal structures
Copyright Information: © 2019 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC DP160101640
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2019 07:53
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0302 Inorganic Chemistry > 030202 f-Block Chemistry @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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