Prediction of pathological stage at radical prostatectomy: do commonly used prostate cancer nomograms apply to men from Far North Queensland?

Nesbitt, Alexander L., Kapoor, Jada, Piesse, Charlotte, Evans, Garrath, Antoniou, Stefan, Smith, Philip, and Pridgeon, Simon W. (2019) Prediction of pathological stage at radical prostatectomy: do commonly used prostate cancer nomograms apply to men from Far North Queensland? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery, 89 (1-2). pp. 111-114.

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Abstract

Background: Clinical nomograms are routinely used by urologists to predict pathological and clinical outcomes. Commonly used prostate cancer nomograms include Partin's tables and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Centre (MSKCC) nomograms which were developed in high-volume centres in the United States. We aimed to assess whether these tools are valid for prostate cancer patients in Far North Queensland.

Methods: All patients undergoing radical prostatectomy in Cairns between August 2014 and September 2017 were identified. Preoperative data were entered into the online nomogram tools. The predicted probability of organ-confined (OC) disease, extra-prostatic extension (EPE) and seminal vesical invasion was compared to the observed outcomes.

Results: Preoperative clinical information was available for 290 patients. Partin's tables accurately estimated OC disease, EPE and seminal vesical invasion with the observed outcome plot overlying the ideal correlation curve. More patients in our cohort had OC disease than was predicted by the MSKCC nomogram; fewer patients had EPE that was predicted by the MSKCC nomogram. On logistic regression modelling, the area under the curve for MSKCC and Partin's were 0.751 and 0.706, respectively, suggesting both tests have good performance in predicting final pathological outcome for our population of patients with no statistical difference between the two nomograms (P = 0.29).

Conclusion: The MSKCC preoperative nomogram and Partin's tables were both able to accurately predict pathological outcomes from preoperative clinical information in men from Far North Queensland, despite likely differences in population genetics and environmental exposures.

Item ID: 57424
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1445-2197
Keywords: nomogram, prostate cancer, radical prostatectomy
Copyright Information: © 2018 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2019 07:47
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110312 Nephrology and Urology @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis > 111202 Cancer Diagnosis @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920102 Cancer and Related Disorders @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920505 Mens Health @ 50%
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