Gum elastic Bougie-guided insertion of the pros seal laryngeal mask airway is superior to the digital and introducer tool techniques

Brimacombe, Joseph, Keller, Christian, and Vosoba Judd, Dana (2004) Gum elastic Bougie-guided insertion of the pros seal laryngeal mask airway is superior to the digital and introducer tool techniques. Anesthesiology, 100 (1). pp. 25-29.

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Background: The authors compare three techniques for insertion of the ProSeal ™ laryngeal mask airway.

Methods: Two hundred forty healthy patients aged 18-80 yr were randomly allocated for ProSeal ™ laryngeal mask airway insertion using the digital, introducer tool (IT), or gum elastic bougie (GEB)-guided techniques. The digital and IT techniques were performed according to the manufacturer's instructions. The GEB-guided technique involved priming the drain tube with the GEB, placing the GEB in the esophagus under direct vision, and inserting the ProSeal ™ laryngeal mask airway using the digital technique with the GEB as a guide. Failed insertion was defined by any of the following criteria: (1) failed pharyngeal placement; (2) malposition (air leaks, negative tap test results, or failed gastric tube insertion if pharyngeal placement was successful); and (3) ineffective ventilation (maximum expired tidal volume < 8 ml/kg or end-tidal carbon dioxide > 45 mmHg if correctly positioned). Any visible or occult blood was noted. Sore throat, dysphonia, and dysphagia were assessed 18-24 h postoperatively.

Results: Insertion was more frequently successful with the GEB-guided technique at the first attempt (GEB, 100%; digital, 88%; IT, 84%; both P < 0.001), but success after three attempts was similar (GEB, 100%; digital, 99%; IT, 98%). The time taken to successful placement was similar among groups at the first attempt but was shorter for the GEB-technique after three attempts (GEB, 25 ± 14 s; digital, 33 ± 19 s; IT, 37 ± 25 s; both:P < 0.003). There were no differences in the frequency of visible blood, but occult blood occurred less frequently with the GEB-guided technique (GEB, 12%; digital, 29%; IT, 31%; both:P < 0.02) but was similar among techniques if insertion was successful at the first attempt. There were no differences in postoperative airway morbidity.

Conclusion: The GEB-guided insertion technique is more frequently successful than the digital or IT techniques. The authors suggest that the GEB-guided technique may be a useful backup technique for when the digital and IT techniques fail.

Item ID: 5742
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1528-1175
Keywords: laryngeal mask airway
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2009 23:58
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920118 Surgical Methods and Procedures @ 100%
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