Parenting and future anxiety: the impact of having a child with developmental disabilities

Bujnowska, Anna M., Rodríguez, Celestino, García, Trinidad, Areces, Debora, and Marsh, Nigel V. (2019) Parenting and future anxiety: the impact of having a child with developmental disabilities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16. 668.

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This study examined differences in future anxiety (FA) among mothers and fathers of children with and without developmental disabilities (DD), and it also analyzed differences in FA within the group of parents of children with DD taking into consideration parent-related factors and child-related factors. A group of 167 parents of children with DD were compared to a group of 103 parents of children with typical development. The group with DD included children with autism spectrum disorders, sensory disorders, and intellectual disability. Parents completed the Future Anxiety Scale-FAS1. Mothers of children with DD had a higher general level of FA than fathers of children with and without DD. Mothers of children with DD reported higher anxiety about their future health and the meaning of their future life than fathers of children with DD. For parents of children with DD, those with lower education, male children, and older children reported higher FA. The group at risk of highest general FA are mothers of children with DD, especially those without a professional career. Similarly, parents of teenagers and/or sons with DD are at increased risk of FA.

Item ID: 57400
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1660-4601
Keywords: developmental disabilities; parenting; future anxiety; families
Copyright Information: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Funders: Maria Curie Sklodowska University (MCSU), Principality of Asturias (PA)
Projects and Grants: MCSU grant number BS-P-07006-17-1-0; 00000046, PA grant number FC-GRUPIN-IDI/2018/000199
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2019 02:13
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5203 Clinical and health psychology > 520304 Health psychology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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