Orthodontic mechanotherapies and their influence on external root resorption: a systematic review

Currell, Scott Derek, Liaw, Andrew, Blackmore Grant, Peter Donald, Esterman, Adrian, and Nimmo, Alan (2019) Orthodontic mechanotherapies and their influence on external root resorption: a systematic review. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 155 (3). pp. 313-329.

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Introduction: This systematic review assesses the literature regarding the association between orthodontic tooth movement and external root resorption. By determining the evidence level supporting the association, the results could provide clinical evidence for minimizing the deleterious effect of orthodontic tooth movement.

Methods: Electronic databases, including MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and LILACS, were searched up to February 2018, with hand searching of selected orthodontic journals undertaken to identify any preelectronic publications. Searches were undertaken with no restrictions on year, publication status, or language. Selection criteria included randomized controlled trials conducted with the use of fixed orthodontic appliances or sequential thermoplastic aligners on human patients. The quality of included studies was assessed with the use of the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Inter-rater agreement of the review authors was used for the inclusion of primary articles, risk of bias assessment, and evaluation of the quality of evidence (GRADE), and it was calculated with the use of the Cohen kappa statistic.

Results: A total of 654 articles were retrieved in the initial search. After the review process, 25 articles describing 24 individual trials met the inclusion criteria. Sample sizes ranged from 6 to 154 patients. Most articles were classified as having unclear risks of bias and very low to low quality of evidence.

Conclusions: There is very low to low evidence for supporting positive associations between root resorption and increased force levels, force continuity, intrusive forces, and treatment duration. Moreover, by including a pause in treatment for patients experiencing root resorption, it may be possible for the clinician to reduce the severity of the condition. Of the included studies, the most common methodologic flaws include the absence of a control group, appropriate randomization strategy, and adequate examinations before and after treatment.

Item ID: 57360
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1097-6752
Copyright Information: © 2018 by the American Association of Orthodontists. All rights reserved.
Funders: Australian Dental Research Foundation (ADRF)
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2019 06:33
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3203 Dentistry > 320308 Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920402 Dental Health @ 100%
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