Application of a link simulation optimization model utilizing quantification of hydrogeologic uncertainty to characterize unknown groundwater contaminant sources

Amirabdollahian, Mahsa, Datta, Bithin, and Beck, Peter H. (2019) Application of a link simulation optimization model utilizing quantification of hydrogeologic uncertainty to characterize unknown groundwater contaminant sources. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 5 (1). pp. 119-131.

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Abstract

In existing groundwater contamination source characterization methodologies, simulation models estimate the contamination concentration in the study area. In order to obtain reliable solutions, it is essential to provide the simulation models with reliable hydrogeological properties. In real-life scenarios often high level of uncertainty and variability is associated with the hydrogeological properties. This study focuses on quantifying the hydrogeological parameter uncertainty to enhance the accuracy of identifying contamination release histories. Tracer experiment results at the Eastlakes Experimental Site, located in Botany Sands Aquifer, in New South Wales, Australia, are utilized to examine the performance and potential applicability of the methodology. In the selected study area, the hydrogeological heterogeneity in the microscopic scale, specifically the hydraulic conductivity, has substantial effect on the transport of pollutants. Among available tracer information, Bromide is studied as a conservative contaminant. Using possible realizations of the flow field, a coefficient of confidence (COC) is calculated for each field monitoring locations and times. Higher COC implies that the result of simulation models at that specific monitoring location and time is more reliable than other contaminant concentration data. Therefore, the optimization model should emphasise matching the corresponding estimated and observed contamination concentrations to accurately identify the contaminant release locations and histories. The linked simulation–optimisation method is utilised to optimally characterise the Bromide sources. Performance evaluation results demonstrate that the proposed methodology recovers pollution source characteristics more accurately compared to the methodology which does not consider the effect of hydrogeological parameter uncertainty.

Item ID: 57239
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2363-6211
Keywords: hydrogeology, parameter uncertainty, source characterization, groundwater, tracer test, optimization
Copyright Information: © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2019 07:36
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090509 Water Resources Engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960999 Land and Water Management of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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