Discourses mapped by Q-method show governance constraints motivate landscape approaches in Indonesia

Langston, James Douglas, McIntyre, Rowan, Falconer, Keith, Sunderland, Terry, van Noordwijk, Meine, and Boedhihartono, Agni Klintuni (2019) Discourses mapped by Q-method show governance constraints motivate landscape approaches in Indonesia. PLoS ONE, 14 (1). e0211221.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.021...
 
8
39


Abstract

Interpreting discourses among implementers of what is termed a "landscape approach" enables us to learn from their experience to improve conservation and development outcomes. We use Q-methodology to explore the perspectives of a group of experts in the landscape approach, both from academic and implementation fields, on what hinderances are in place to the realisation of achieving sustainable landscape management in Indonesia. The results show that, at a generic level, "corruption" and "lack of transparency and accountability" rank as the greatest constraints on landscape functionality. Biophysical factors, such as topography and climate change, rank as the least constraining factors. When participants considered a landscape with which they were most familiar, the results changed: the rapid change of regulations, limited local human capacity and inaccessible data on economic risks increased, while the inadequacy of democratic institutions, "overlapping laws" and "corruption" decreased. The difference indicates some fine-tuning of generic perceptions to the local context and may also reflect different views on what is achievable for landscape approach practitioners. Overall, approximately 55% of variance is accounted for by five discourse factors for each trial. Four overlapped and two discourses were discrete enough to merit different discourse labels. We labelled the discourses (1) social exclusionists, (2) state view, (3) community view, (4) integrationists, (5) democrats, and (6) neoliberals. Each discourse contains elements actionable at the landscape scale, as well as exogenous issues that originate at national and global scales. Actionable elements that could contribute to improving governance included trust building, clarified resource rights and responsibilities, and inclusive representation in management. The landscape sustainability discourses studied here suggests that landscape approach "learners" must focus on ways to remedy poor governance if they are to achieve sustainability and multi-functionality.

Item ID: 57159
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1932-6203
Copyright Information: © 2019 Langston et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Funders: Centre for International Forestry Research
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2019 07:35
FoR Codes: 14 ECONOMICS > 1402 Applied Economics > 140209 Industry Economics and Industrial Organisation @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 50%
Downloads: Total: 39
Last 12 Months: 20
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page