Diabetes and smoking as predictors of cancer in Indigenous adults from rural and remote communities of North Queensland: a 15-year follow up study

Li, Ming, Roder, David, and McDermott, Robyn (2018) Diabetes and smoking as predictors of cancer in Indigenous adults from rural and remote communities of North Queensland: a 15-year follow up study. International Journal of Cancer, 143 (5). pp. 1054-1061.

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Abstract

Indigenous Australians generally have a poor health status and an elevated cancer mortality that has increased in recent decades. A cohort of 2,273 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (TSI) adults (18+ years) from 26 remote communities in far North Queensland, who were initially free of cancer, were followed‐up for an average of 15 years. The associations of baseline anthropometric, biochemical and behavioural factors with cancer incidence were investigated using competing risk survival analysis. The age‐standardised incidence (all cancers) was 5.2 cases/1,000 person‐years (pys) (95% CI 4.1–6.6). Liver/bile duct and lung were the most common cancer sites. Overall cancer incidence was significantly higher in TSIs than Aboriginal people. The baseline prevalence of diabetes was 15.6% in Aboriginal and 25.6% in TSI people. The smoking rate of 59.8% for Aboriginal people was higher than the rate of 45.2% for TSIs. At follow‐up, the adjusted sub hazard ratios (SHRs) of diabetes for all cancers combined were 1.8 (95% CI, 1.3–2.6), and for digestive system cancers, 2.3 (95% CI, 1.2–4.4). Smokers had a 60% higher risk (SHR 1.6, 95% CI: 1.1–2.0) for all cancers combined and a fourfold risk (SHR 3.7, 95% CI 1.7–8.0) for lung cancers when compared to non‐smokers, regardless of age, sex and ethnicity. The most common cancers encountered by this Indigenous cohort and their consequences are potentially preventable in Indigenous Australians by effective management of highly prevalent modifiable risks in primary service settings, screening participation and arranging for good access to treatment services.

Item ID: 57113
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1097-0215
Copyright Information: © 2018 UICC.
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Projects and Grants: NHMRC 279402
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2019 04:05
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111701 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9203 Indigenous Health > 920301 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Determinants of Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920104 Diabetes @ 50%
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