Implementing an intervention to promote normal labour and birth: a study of clinicians' perceptions

Shee, Anna Wong, Nagle, Cate, Corboy, Denise, Versace, Vincent L., Robertson, Carolyn, Frawley, Natasha, McKenzie, AnneMarie, and Lodge, Julie (2019) Implementing an intervention to promote normal labour and birth: a study of clinicians' perceptions. Midwifery, 70. pp. 46-53.

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Objective: Prior to implementation of a Normal Labour and Birth Bundle (NLBB) at a regional maternity service in Victoria, Australia, this study aimed to understand clinician factors that may influence the uptake, acceptance and use of the NLBB.

Design: This was a mixed methods study in which The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) provided the framework for the conduct and analysis of the staff survey and focus groups. Descriptive and multiple regression were used to analyse the survey data and thematic analysis was used for the focus group data.

Participants: Participants for the survey and focus groups included clinicians providing publicly funded care and management of labour for women birthing at the health service. Maternity care clinicians were invited to participate in both the survey and the focus groups.

Findings: Seventy-six clinicians (88.8%) responded to the survey. Mean scores for TPB constructs were well above the mid-scale score of 4, indicating strong positive attitudes, high levels of self-efficacy and positive social pressure to use the NLBB and strong intentions to use it in the future. Self-efficacy was the strongest independent predictor (beta=0.45, p < 0.001) of intention to use the NLBB (overall model R2 = 0.38). A valued consequence of implementing standardised and objective guidelines, highlighted in the focus groups, was the positive impact on clinicians' confidence in their decision-making.

Key conclusions: This study found that midwives and obstetricians were in favour of using a normal labour and birth care bundle and perceived the bundle to align with the expectations of work colleagues and the women they care for. The findings of this study show that clinicians at the health service had strong intentions to use the normal labour and birth care bundle in the future.

Implications for practice: Implementation science is important in embedding and sustaining practice change. Understanding staff perceptions is an essential first step of this process. (c) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item ID: 57041
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1532-3099
Keywords: physiological birth, caesarean section, midwifery, theory of planned behaviour, focus groups, rural maternity service
Copyright Information: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2019 07:51
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4204 Midwifery > 420499 Midwifery not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920507 Womens Health @ 100%
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