Hematology, plasma biochemistry, and urinalysis of free-ranging grey-headed flying foxes (Pteropus poliocephalus) in Australia

Edson, Daniel, Field, Hume, McMichael, Lee, Mayer, David, Martin, John, Welbergen, Justin, McLaughlin, Amanda, Huth, Lauren, Kristoffersen, Joanna, Tsoukalas, George, and Kirkland, Peter (2018) Hematology, plasma biochemistry, and urinalysis of free-ranging grey-headed flying foxes (Pteropus poliocephalus) in Australia. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 49 (3). pp. 591-598.

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Abstract

The grey-headed flying fox (Pteropus poliocephalus) is a species endemic to coastal eastern Australia. This study presents a comprehensive set of biochemistry, hematology, and urinalysis biomarkers from which reference values were derived. Blood samples collected from free-ranging P. poliocephalus were submitted for hematology (n = 140) and plasma biochemistry (n = 161) and urine for urinalysis (n = 95). The values for P. poliocephalus were broadly consistent with those values published for other Australian Pteropus species. Statistically significant within-species age and sex effects were observed: adult P. poliocephalus had higher mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, urea, creatinine, bilirubin, alanine transferase (ALT), protein, globulin, urinary specific gravity, and urinary ketones, whereas subadults had higher mean red blood cell, white blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte, and monocyte counts, and juveniles had higher mean neutrophil count and alkaline phosphatase; male P poliocephalus had higher mean reticulocyte count, alanine transferase, glucose, and urinary ketones, whereas females had higher mean WBC, lymphocyte, and monocyte counts. The findings inform both clinical and research scenarios for P. poliocephalus in captivity or rehabilitation and for health assessments of free-living populations.

Item ID: 56939
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1937-2825
Keywords: grey-headed flying fox, hematology, plasma biochemistry, Pteropus poliocephalus, reference values, urinalysis
Funders: National Hendra Virus Research Program, Queensland Government, New South Wales Government, Australian Government
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2019 07:30
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060809 Vertebrate Biology @ 100%
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