Towards sustainable coastal management and development in three coastal districts of Ben Tre province: Binh Dai, Ba Tri and Thanh Phu

Nguyen, Tan Phong (2015) Towards sustainable coastal management and development in three coastal districts of Ben Tre province: Binh Dai, Ba Tri and Thanh Phu. Report. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland.

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Abstract

The Ben Tre coasts have been extensively used for aquaculture and agriculture purposes for many decades resulting in widespread mangrove degradation and deforestation in the province. The loss of coastal mangroves contributed significantly to severe coastal erosion in Binh Dai, Ba Tri and Thanh Phu in 2009 becoming more serious between 2012 and 2013. Severe coastal erosion has caused in the Ben Tre shoreline to be squeezed significantly and mangroves to be lost. Since local agriculture is extremely vulnerable to coastal erosion, farmers have been losing crops and revenues. Between 2008 and 2013, there were a number of failed attempts to restore mangroves, despite there being technical guidelines in place and a favourable legal and policy environment. In July 2014, a survey was undertaken employing participatory action research methods to recommend options for sustainable coastal management and development at preselected sites in three coastal Districts of Ben Tre province (Ba Tri, Binh Dai and Thua Duc). This report presents the underlying causes of coastal erosion, evaluates the current policies and plans for coastal protection in Ben Tre Province, records local initiatives in coastal protection and recommends options for sustainable coastal management and development in Ba Tri, Binh Dai and Thua Duc Districts. While land tenure conflicts resulted in poor mangrove management and further mangrove degradation, poor pond construction and operation and inadequate farming techniques contributed greatly to mangrove loss and coastal erosion. The planting of a single species (Rhizophora apiculata) weakened the protection provided by coastal mangroves against erosion and increased the vulnerability to sea level rise and storm surge. Planting without proper protection, especially on eroding areas did not assist in establishing the mangrove belt in Ben Tre province. The current strategies employed by the Ben Tre province have had limited success mainly because these strategies only dealt with symptoms and had insufficient local involvement in planning. While various local initiatives in coastal protection worked temporarily, many naturally vegetated coastal locations have been found to be effective in minimizing the negative impacts of coastal erosion, sea level rise and storm surge.

Item ID: 56865
Item Type: Report (Report)
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Copyright Information: © 2015 IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Reproduction of this publication for educational or other non‐commercial purposes is authorized without prior written permission from the copyright holder, provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of this publication for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without prior writtenpermission of the copyright holder.
Research Data: https://www.mangrovesforthefuture.org/assets/Repository/Documents/IUCN-Ben-tre-FINAL.pdf
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2019 23:46
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960701 Coastal and Marine Management Policy @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960302 Climate Change Mitigation Strategies @ 50%
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