Malignant transformation of actinic cheilitis: a systematic review of observational studies

Dancyger, Alex, Heard, Victoria, Huang, Baikai, Suley, Cameron, Tang, Dorothy, and Ariyawardana, Anura (2018) Malignant transformation of actinic cheilitis: a systematic review of observational studies. Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry, 9 (4). e12343.

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The aim of the present systematic review was to determine the malignant transformation rate of actinic cheilitis (AC). A comprehensive literature search was conducted using Medline/PubMed, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Scopus, OvidSP, and Google Scholar. The inclusion criteria comprised of observational human studies involving the malignant transformation of AC and publications in English. Studies included in this review were clinical follow-up, cohort, retrospective, or prospective investigations. The search yielded 1126 articles, and after exclusion, 34 full-text articles were eligible for full-text analysis. Only one article met the inclusion criteria. Based on the included article, it was determined that the malignant transformation rate of AC to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was 3.07%. Excluded articles focused on the clinicopathological characteristics and treatment efficacies of AC, and no malignant transformation rate was assessed. There is a need for more clinical studies on the malignant transformation of AC, as lip cancer is a public health concern. High-risk populations, including those living in tropical regions, have excessive exposure to UV radiation, and have older aged males, fair-skinned people, and smokers should be identified to prevent AC and its malignant change. Health practitioners should facilitate early intervention to prevent the progression of AC to SCC of the lip.

Item ID: 56732
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2041-1626
Keywords: actinic cheilitis, malignant transformation, potentially malignant disorder, squamous cell carcinoma, UV radiation
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2018 07:39
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3203 Dentistry > 320307 Oral medicine and pathology @ 100%
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