Ranaviruses and reptiles

Wirth, Wytamma, Schwarzkopf, Lin, Skerratt, Lee F., and Ariel, Ellen (2018) Ranaviruses and reptiles. PeerJ, 6. 6083.

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Abstract

Ranaviruses can infect many vertebrate classes including fish, amphibians and reptiles, but for the most part, research has been focused on non-reptilian hosts, amphibians in particular. More recently, reports of ranaviral infections of reptiles are increasing with over 12 families of reptiles currently susceptible to ranaviral infection. Reptiles are infected by ranaviruses that are genetically similar to, or the same as, the viruses that infect amphibians and fish; however, physiological and ecological differences result in differences in study designs. Although ranaviral disease in reptiles is often influenced by host species, viral strain and environmental differences, general trends in pathogenesis are emerging. More experimental studies using a variety of reptile species, life stages and routes of transmission are required to unravel the complexity of wild ranavirus transmission. Further, our understanding of the reptilian immune response to ranaviral infection is still lacking, although the considerable amount of work conducted in amphibians will serve as a useful guide for future studies in reptiles.

Item ID: 56616
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2167-8359
Keywords: ranavirus, reptiles, taxonomy, bibliometrics, diagnostics, pathology, transmission, reservoirs, susceptibility, immunology
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2018 Wirth et al. Distributed under Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2018 23:22
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070712 Veterinary Virology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9604 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species > 960406 Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments @ 100%
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