The wildlife snaring crisis: an insidious and pervasive threat to biodiversity in Southeast Asia

Gray, Thomas N.E., Hughes, Alice C., Laurance, William F., Long, Barney, Lynam, Anthony J., O'Kelly, Hannah, Ripple, William J., Seng, Teak, Scotson, Lorraine, and Wilkinson, Nicholas M. (2018) The wildlife snaring crisis: an insidious and pervasive threat to biodiversity in Southeast Asia. Biodiversity and Conservation, 27 (4). pp. 1031-1037.

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Abstract

Southeast Asia, a region supporting more threatened species than any other comparable continental area, is in the midst of a conservation crisis. Hunting constitutes the greatest current threat to the region's threatened vertebrates and has resulted in many areas of largely intact forest losing much of their former vertebrate diversity and abundance. Though numerous hunting methods are used, capture with home-made snares is a major driver of this defaunation. Snares are cheaply constructed and easy to set but can be difficult to detect and are highly damaging to vertebrate populations due to their indiscriminate and wasteful nature. The primary response to snaring is the removal of snares by patrol teams: more than 200,000 snares were removed from just five of the region's protected areas between 2010 and 2015. However due to the low opportunity costs of replacing snares, removal alone is largely ineffective. Without the proactive search, arrest and prosecution of snare-setters, along with incentives not to hunt, snares will continue to be replaced. Legislative reform that criminalises the possession of snares, and the materials used for their construction, inside and immediately adjacent to protected areas is also required. Consistent enforcement of such legislation is essential. This must be combined with longer-term demand reduction activities aimed at changing cultural attitudes and behaviors related to the consumption of wildlife products in Southeast Asia.

Item ID: 56325
Item Type: Article (Commentary)
ISSN: 1572-9710
Keywords: extinction crisis, mammal conservation, natural resource management, poaching, protected area
Copyright Information: Copyright © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2018 08:32
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960899 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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