Social responses to climate change in Iron Age north-east Thailand: new archaeobotanical evidence

Castillo, Cristina C., Higham, Charles, Miller, Katie, Chang, Nigel, Douka, Katerina, Higham, Tom, and Fuller, Dorian (2018) Social responses to climate change in Iron Age north-east Thailand: new archaeobotanical evidence. Antiquity, 92 (365). pp. 1274-1291.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2018.198
 
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Abstract

New evidence from archaeological investigations in north-east Thailand shows a transition in rice farming towards wetland cultivation that would have facilitated greater yields and surpluses. This evidence, combined with new dates and palaeoclimatic data, suggests that this transition took place in the Iron Age, at a time of increasingly arid climate, and when a number of broader societal changes become apparent in the archaeological record. For the first time, it is possible to relate changes in subsistence economy to shifts in regional climate and water-management strategies, and to the emergence of state societies in Southeast Asia.

Item ID: 56105
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1745-1744
Keywords: Thailand, Southeast Asia, Iron Age, rice farming, weed flora, agricultural intensification, archaeobotany
Copyright Information: © Antiquity Publications Ltd, 2018. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Funders: Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Projects and Grants: NERC NE/N010957/1
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2018 01:59
FoR Codes: 21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210102 Archaeological Science @ 50%
21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210103 Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas @ 50%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950502 Understanding Asias Past @ 60%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960311 Social Impacts of Climate Change and Variability @ 40%
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