Gender and marine protected areas: a case study of Danajon Bank, Philippines

Kleiber, Danika, Harris, Leila, and Vincent, Amanda C.J. (2018) Gender and marine protected areas: a case study of Danajon Bank, Philippines. Maritime Studies, 17. pp. 163-175.

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Abstract

In this paper, we examine the role of gender in community-based management of marine protected areas (MPAs) in the Central Philippines. MPAs are a common conservation and fisheries management tool in this area, but the relationship between gendered fishing practices and participatory MPA management is rarely considered. In this region, women and men’s fishing practices are often socially and ecologically distinct. MPAs are found in both intertidal and subtidal areas where women and men tend to fish respectively. Based on over 500 interviews in 12 fishing communities, MPAs were largely perceived to be a management tool for men’s fishing. Very few men and women reported a negative effect on their personal fishing or displacement from their fishing area. However, in two communities MPAs that had been in intertidal areas had either been moved or opened specifically to allow for gleaning. Women were less likely than men to report that the MPA had a positive effect on their fishing, but women and men recommended the MPA in equal numbers. Women and men reported attending MPA meetings, but women were less likely to describe active participation in MPA management such as decision making. This research adds to the larger body of work that considers gender and inequality to critically examine issues of power and exclusion in community-based resource management.

Item ID: 55997
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: gender; Philippines; marine protected areas; small-scale fisheries; community-based management
Copyright Information: Copyright © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018.
ISSN: 2212-9790
Funders: World Wildlife Fund (WWF), University of British Columbia Liu Institute, International Federation of University Women
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2018 22:52
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1699 Other Studies in Human Society > 169901 Gender Specific Studies @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0599 Other Environmental Sciences > 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 100%
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